Compare contrast piaget vygotsky essay

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Therefore, our culture helps shape our cognition. Through these social interactions, we move toward more individualized thinking. The co-constructed process involves people interacting during shared activities, usually to solve a problem Woolfolk, A. When the child receives help through this process, he or she may be able to utilize better strategies in the future, should a similar problem arise.

The co-constructed dialogues lead to internalization, which in turn leads one to independent thinking Woolfolk, A.

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Compare and contrast the development theories of Piaget, Bruner and Vygotsky

Scaffolding is another Vygotskian principle for the sociocultural perspective. Scaffolding involves providing the learner with hints or clues for problem solving in order to allow the student to better approach the problem in the future Woolfolk, A. While Piaget would assume the student does not yet have the mental structures to solve such a problem, Vygotsky would offer encouragement or strategies, in the form of scaffolding, in order for the student to attempt the problem. The development of language is considered to be a major principle of Vygotsky's sociocultural theory.

The language of a certain group of people indicates their cultural beliefs and value system. For example, a tribe with many words meaning "hunting" indicates that hunting is an important aspect of their lives. The text states that children learn language much the same way that children learn cognitive skills. Vygotsky states that humans may have "built in biases, rules, and constraints about language that restrict the number of possibilities considered" Woolfolk, A. A child's thinking regarding these language constraints is very important in language development Woolfolk, A.

Another aspect of language development involves private speech.

Private speech is self-talk children and adults may use to guide actions and aid in thinking. While Piaget may view private speech as egocentric or immature, Vygotsky understood the importance of self-directed speech. Private speech is considered to be self-directed regulation and communication with the self, and becomes internalized after about nine years Woolfolk, A.

Vygotsky also emphasized the importance of cultural tools in cognition. Cultural tools can be any technological tool or any symbolic tool which aids in communication Woolfolk, A. Language, the media, television, computers, and books are only a handful of all the cultural tools available for problem solving or learning. Higher-level processing is "mediated by psychological tools, such as language, signs, and symbols" Woolfolk, A.

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After receiving co-constructed help, children internalize the use of the cultural tools, and are better able to utilize the tools in the future on their own Woolfolk, A. Another Vygotskian principle for teaching involves the zone of proximal development. Like Piaget, Vygotsky believed that there were some problems out of a child's range of understanding. However, in contrast, Vygotsky believed that given proper help and assistance, children could perform a problem that Piaget would consider to be out of the child's mental capabilities. The zone is the area at which a child can perform a challenging task, given appropriate help Woolfolk, A.

Piaget and Vygotsky also differ in how they approach discovery learning. Piaget advocated for discovery learning with little teacher intervention, while Vygotsky promoted guided discovery in the classroom. Guided discovery involves the teacher offering intriguing questions to students and having them discover the answers through testing hypotheses Woolfolk, A. The students are engaged in the discovery process; however, they are still receiving assistance from a more knowledgeable source.

A teacher utilizing Vygotskian methods for teaching would be a very active member in her student's education. The teacher would apply the technique of scaffolding by providing assistance and offering feedback when relating new information Woolfolk, A. Teachers should also make sure that students are provided adequate tools for learning. Students should be taught how to use tools such as the computer, resource books, and graphs in order to better utilize these tools in the future Woolfolk, A.

Teaching in the Vygotskian method would also incorporate group or peer learning Woolfolk, A. By having students tutor each other through dialogues and scaffolding, the students can begin to internalize the new information and come to a better understanding of the material. I believe that both Piaget and Vygotsky provided educators with important views on cognitive development in the child.

Piaget proposed that children progress through the stages of cognitive development through maturation, discovery methods, and some social transmissions through assimilation and accommodation Woolfolk, A. Name required. Welcome to PsychoHawks.

Comparing Piaget and Vygotsky

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