I could have stayed there forever, drawing without stopping. In , when Picasso was 14 years old, his family moved to Barcelona, Spain, where he quickly applied to the city's prestigious School of Fine Arts. Although the school typically only accepted students several years his senior, Picasso's entrance exam was so extraordinary that he was granted an exception and admitted.
Nevertheless, Picasso chafed at the School of Fine Arts' strict rules and formalities, and began skipping class so that he could roam the streets of Barcelona, sketching the city scenes he observed. However, he again became frustrated with his school's singular focus on classical subjects and techniques. Inspired by the anarchists and radicals he met there, Picasso made his decisive break from the classical methods in which he had been trained, and began what would become a lifelong process of experimentation and innovation.
Picasso remains renowned for endlessly reinventing himself, switching between styles so radically different that his life's work seems to be the product of five or six great artists rather than just one. Of his penchant for style diversity, Picasso insisted that his varied work was not indicative of radical shifts throughout his career, but, rather, of his dedication to objectively evaluating for each piece the form and technique best suited to achieve his desired effect. This does not imply either evolution or progress; it is a matter of following the idea one wants to express and the way in which one wants to express it.
Art critics and historians typically break Picasso's adult career into distinct periods, the first of which lasted from to and is called his "Blue Period," after the color that dominated nearly all of his paintings over these years. At the turn of the 20th century, Picasso moved to Paris, France — the center of European art — to open his own studio. Lonely and deeply depressed over the death of his close friend, Carlos Casagemas, he painted scenes of poverty, isolation and anguish, almost exclusively in shades of blue and green.
In contemplation of Picasso and his Blue Period, writer and critic Charles Morice once asked, "Is this frighteningly precocious child not fated to bestow the consecration of a masterpiece on the negative sense of living, the illness from which he more than anyone else seems to be suffering? By , Picasso had largely overcome the depression that had previously debilitated him, and the artistic manifestation of Picasso's improved spirits was the introduction of warmer colors—including beiges, pinks and reds—in what is known as his "Rose Period" Not only was he madly in love with a beautiful model, Fernande Olivier, he was newly prosperous thanks to the generous patronage of art dealer Ambroise Vollard.
His most famous paintings from these years include "Family at Saltimbanques" , "Gertrude Stein" and "Two Nudes" Cubism was an artistic style pioneered by Picasso and his friend and fellow painter Georges Braque. In Cubist paintings, objects are broken apart and reassembled in an abstracted form, highlighting their composite geometric shapes and depicting them from multiple, simultaneous viewpoints in order to create physics-defying, collage-like effects.
At once destructive and creative, Cubism shocked, appalled and fascinated the art world. In , Picasso produced a painting that today is considered the precursor and inspiration of Cubism: "Les Demoiselles d'Avignon. A chilling depiction of five nude prostitutes, abstracted and distorted with sharp geometric features and stark blotches of blues, greens and grays, the work was unlike anything he or anyone else had ever painted before and would profoundly influence the direction of art in the 20th century.
Pablo Picasso Essays: Examples, Topics, Titles, & Outlines
Literary Cubism does the same thing in literature, using reality merely as a means and not as an end. His later Cubist works are distinguished as "Synthetic Cubism" for moving even further away from artistic typicalities of the time, creating vast collages out of a great number of tiny, individual fragments.
The outbreak of World War I ushered in the next great change in Picasso's art.
He grew more somber and, once again, preoccupied with the depiction of reality. From onward, Picasso became caught up in a new philosophical and cultural movement known as Surrealism , the artistic manifestation of which was a product of his own Cubism. Picasso's most well-known Surrealist painting, deemed one of the greatest paintings of all time, was completed in , during the Spanish Civil War: "Guernica.
In black, white and grays, the painting is a Surrealist testament to the horrors of war, and features a minotaur and several human-like figures in various states of anguish and terror.www.cantinesanpancrazio.it/components/pyfuwyn/551-programma-per.php
Pablo Picasso Essay
In contrast to the dazzling complexity of Synthetic Cubism, Picasso's later paintings display simple, childlike imagery and crude technique. Touching on the artistic validity of these later works, Picasso once remarked upon passing a group of school kids in his old age, "When I was as old as these children, I could draw like Raphael , but it took me a lifetime to learn to draw like them. He was twice honored with the International Lenin Peace Prize, first in and again in By this point in his life, he was also an international celebrity, the world's most famous living artist.
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While paparazzi chronicled his every move, however, few paid attention to his art during this time. Picasso continued to create art and maintain an ambitious schedule in his later years, superstitiously believing that work would keep him alive. Picasso created the epitome of his later work, "Self Portrait Facing Death," using pencil and crayon, a year before his death.
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The autobiographical subject, drawn with crude technique, appears as something between a human and an ape, with a green face and pink hair. By this time, his work had begun to be noticed by art collectors, most notably Gertrude Stein.
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Stein ultimately invited Picasso to meet other notable artists, one of whom was Henri Matisse. As he started to achieve both fame and success, he began to develop a cubist style, which had a transformative impact on modern art. Cubism is a style of art that challenges perspective, often showing multiple angles of an object or person in one view. The result is a highly stylized look composed of bold colors and strong angles, which became his signature look.
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The image features five women, in various stages of undress. The figure also appears to be one with the background, which also is made up of similar patterns. At first glance, the image appears almost entirely abstract, although the specific figure of a girl holding a mandolin can be seen once the viewer knows what to look for. Picasso ultimately went on to have a highly successful personal and professional career.
He was married twice and had four children, and his fame as an artist only grew over time. Although his work would continue to evolve, his role as one of the founders of modern art placed his cubist work in the spotlight. Picasso died in , at the age of Works Cited. Pablo Picasso , Accessed 15 February,